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Canada Guides

Canada – the land of Maple Syrup, Niagara Falls and Ice Hockey.  Canada is a peaceful country which is abundant with nature, wildlife and beautiful landscapes.  An astounding array of outdoor marvels!

This enormous country is officially located in the far northern part of North America and is comprised of 10 Provinces and 3 Territories to the north.  Canada is bordered to the south by 13 states of the USA.  In fact, the Canada-US border is the world’s longest international boundary at 8,891 km (5,525 miles).  Seven Canadian Provinces (British Colombia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick) plus one Canadian Territory (Yukon) border the USA.  The Yukon Territory borders the US State of Alaska to the north-west of Canada.  Canada is the 2nd largest country in the world after Russia but is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries.  Canada is officially a bilingual nation with French and English speakers.  However, the most predominantly spoken language is English.  New Brunswick is a bilingual Province and French is the official language of the Province of Quebec.

Along its west, north and east coasts, Canada is bordered by the sea.  The Pacific Ocean runs along the western coast, with the Arctic Ocean meeting the northern Territories and the Atlantic Ocean bordering the eastern coast.

The oceans around Canada along with the country’s extreme landscapes offer natural habitats to many plant and animal species.  Canada’s landscape can be divided into six geographical regions: the Canadian Shield, the interior plains, Great Lakes–St. Lawrence lowlands, the Appalachian region, the Western Cordillera, and the Arctic Archipelago.  These regions include rocky expanses, prairies, fertile lowlands, arctic islands and mountainous areas which include the famous Rocky Mountains.  The tundra, forest regions and grasslands of Canada are home to much wildlife including grizzly bears, caribou, wolves, bison and cougars.  The Sugar Maple tree is known for its beautifully coloured autumnal leaves which is depicted as a red leaf on the Canadian national flag.

Canada’s earliest people settled here from Asia across a land bridge that joined this continent and North America.  In the 16th Century, French and British settlers arrived and, following the French Indian War, the British remained in charge.  Canada became an independent nation in 1931.  About half of the country’s population are descendants from French and British immigrants and Inuit people remain mainly in the northern Territories.

Ottawa is the capital of Canada and is the country’s fourth largest city.  The city is located in the south east of Ontario on the Quebec border.  Native Americans from the Algonquin tribe were some of the earliest inhabitants of the Ottawa area.  Today, Ottawa is the seat of the Canadian Federal Government.

The official currency of Canada is the Canadian Dollar.

Below, you will find our useful travel guides to help you plan your next trip to Canada.