Marvellous Mexico – the land of Tacos, Margaritas and Mayan history. Mexico is a vibrant country overflowing with history and great food!
This country is officially located in the south of North America but also forms part of Central America. Mexico is bordered to the north by the USA and to the south east by Belize and Guatemala. Mexico’s official name is Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States) and the country comprises of 31 different states. The Mexican states of Baha California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nueva Leon and Tamaulipas form the border with the USA. Mexico is the 3rd largest country in Latin America after Brazil and Argentina and has the world’s largest population of Spanish speakers.
Mexico is also surrounded by the sea. The Pacific Ocean runs along the western and southern coast of Mexico whereas the Gulf of Mexico borders the eastern coast. Mexico’s popular Yucatan peninsula to the east also benefits from the warm Caribbean Sea.
The oceans around Mexico along with the country’s diverse landscapes offer natural habitats to many plant and animal species. To the north are arid deserts and to the east are tropical rainforests and wetlands. Every year, grey whales migrate from Alaska to breed in the waters off the western coast of Baha California. Jaguars live in the rainforests, along with colourful Quetzal birds which feature on the Mexican national flag.
Mexico is steeped in history from the long line of ancient societies which have settled in this country. The Olmec people trace back to 1200 BC and were followed by other fascinating early civilisations including the Mayas, the Toltec and Aztec peoples. Legacies of these people include great cities, pyramids and works of art, along with early advances in astronomy and farming.
Mexico City is the capital of Mexico and was founded by the Spanish in 1521 on the site of the former cultural and political centre of the Aztec empire. As a result, Mexico City is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the western world. It is also one of the world’s most populated cities.
The official currency of Mexico is the Mexican Peso but US Dollars are widely accepted in tourist areas.
Below, you will find our useful travel guides to help you plan your next trip to Mexico.